Cognitive training for Alzheimer’s disease

Gabriela Początek1, Julia Wyszomirska2, Natalia Segiet3

Affiliation and address for correspondence
Aktualn Neurol 2023; 23 (4): 138–144
DOI: 10.15557/AN.2023.0021

The article presents selected approaches to cognitive training for people with Alzheimer’s disease. Based on research findings, the combination of training and pharmacological treatment may delay the disease processes in dementia, ensuring that both patients and their caregivers enjoy longer lives and improved well-being. The Montessori Senior Method, recently gaining popularity in Poland, focuses on developing independence through adapted interactions, which can be particularly effective for elderly people. Instrumental Enrichment, on the other hand, uses learning mediation and prioritizes the creation of coping strategies that may be helpful in maintaining cognitive functions. Occupational therapy focuses on improving daily activities, which can be important for the quality of life of patients and their caregivers. This type of impact is usually holistic, encompassing both the patient and the caregiver. Errorless Learning and reality orientation training are other techniques that can be effective in maintaining cognitive functions, with easy adaptability to patients’ difficulties. These techniques allow working on a specific skill that is important to the patient. Computerised training and the use of virtual reality (Virtual Reality and Immersive Virtual Reality) also bring positive effects in terms of improving cognitive, sensory, motor, and emotional functions, but the costs and availability of equipment may pose a challenge for families, caregivers, and care facilities. A variety of training approaches may benefit patients with Alzheimer’s disease, both in terms of improvement of cognitive function and quality of life. It is important to continue research on the effectiveness of these methods and adapt them to the individual needs of patients.

cognitive training, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia

Oświadczam, że posiadam prawo wykonywania zawodu lekarza i jestem uprawniony do otrzymywania specjalistycznych informacji medycznych. Chcę zapoznać się z informacją z serwisu.