Migraine variants

Correspondence to: Klinika Neurologii, Wojskowy Instytut Medyczny, ul. Szaserów 128, 00-909 Warszawa

Aktualn Neurol 2008, 8 (2), p. 95-100

Migraine is a common neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of often severe headache accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia. The prevalence of migraine has been estimated to be approximately 6% in men and 15 to 18% in women. The prevalence of migraine peaks at age 40, and thus most affects individuals in their peak productive years. The diagnosis is based on International Headache Society (IHS) criteria. In addition to classic and common, migraine headache can take several other forms: hemiplegic migraine, ophthalmoplegic migraine, basilar artery migraine, migraine in adolescent and young adult and menstrual migraine and status migrainosus. In children migraine can take picture periodic vomiting, systemic vertigo, abdominal pain. Basilar type migraine should be considered and differentiate with other type of vascular diseases. Chronic migraine is a specific type of disease with pain duration more than 15 days per month and more than three months. It can take picture a whole day’s headache, what concern mainly patients suffering migraine without aura, abusing analgesic drugs. This form should be prophylactic treated especially with antiepileptic and antidepressant drugs. In article have been prescribed those types of disease.

Keywords: migraine, migraine variants, migraine in children, symptoms, treatment